Oxygen presence in distant galaxy sheds light on early universe

Gravitational lensing.     NASA ESA & L. Calcada

The universe initially was devoid of elements such as oxygen, carbon and nitrogen, which were first created in the fusion furnaces of the earliest stars and then spewed into interstellar space when these stars reached their explosive deaths.

The distance to the galaxy determined from this observation is consistent with the distance from the oxygen observation.

The work of Takuya Hashimoto and his group at Osaka Sangyo University sheds light on the formation of the first stars and suggests that future telescopes - such as the James Webb Space Telescope, which will replace the Hubble 'scope in orbit starting in 2020 - could find new evidence on the formation of first-generation stars, Bouwens said.

A team of astronomers using high-precision optical instruments were able to explore the galaxy under the code name MACS1149-JD1, which is considered the most remote from Earth, finding in it the presence of oxygen. Within the galaxy, the team was surprised to discover faint signals of ionized oxygen that were emitted nearly 13.3 billion years ago (or 500 million years after the Big Bang).

So now the latest such discovery was made by a team of astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope when observing the very distant galaxy MACS1149-JD1.

Circle raises fresh funds; plans dollar-pegged token
Circle is aiming to build a bridge between them, betting that it would make for a more inclusive consumer payments environment. In a recent blog post , the startup announced the existence of the cryptocurrency and provided details on what it's all about.

Both facilities are located in Chile's Atacama desert. It took several millions of years before the first stars emerged.

"With these new observations of MACS1149-JD1 we are getting closer to directly witnessing the birth of starlight!" said Richard Ellis, senior astronomer at UCL and co-author of the paper in a statement.

It is becoming apparent to many astronomers out there that space is so large and peculiar that any theory we happen to come up with on the origin of the universe is by no means a solidified fact.

One kind of supernova has shown scientists that we live in an expanding universe, one that is growing at an ever increasing rate.

Researchers think that the earliest stars in the Universe were built in areas with a very high density of matter, even though comprehension of this phenomenon is not yet well-defined.

Embattled Ovie Omo-Agege resumes at Senate's plenary
The application for stay of execution which the court rejected on Wednesday was filed by the Senate and its President, Dr. The Senate said its decision was in deference to a court judgment which nullified Omo-Agege's suspension.

There are two known types of supernova.

The second type of supernova occurs at the end of a single star's lifetime.

Eventually, the core is so heavy it can't stand its own gravitational force and the core collapses, resulting in another giant explosion.

The team, led by astronomers at University College London in the United Kingdom and Osaka Sangyo University in Japan, detected a very faint glow emitted by ionized oxygen in MACS1149-JD1.

Bowens points out that it is still uncertain if the star activity observed in MACS1149-JD1 also took place in different parts of the early Universe but he claims that the finding "will certainly boost similar studies of other galaxies".

What Seattle 'head tax' will cost Amazon
The Seattle region had the third-highest number of homeless people in the US and saw 169 homeless deaths a year ago . Other cities have implemented similar taxes, but Seattle's is by far the highest in the nation.

Related News:

  • Riz Ahmed Wants to Write 'Ms. Marvel' With Mindy Kaling

    Riz Ahmed Wants to Write 'Ms. Marvel' With Mindy Kaling

    Comic book creator Sana Amanat is the brains behind the character, who is the director and editor at Marvel Comics. In the comic books, Ms Marvel's refers to her alter-ego Kamala Khan, a Pakistani-American teenager from New Jersey.
    Cisco Earnings: A Slight Beat, a 4% Slide

    Cisco Earnings: A Slight Beat, a 4% Slide

    This repurchase authorization authorizes the network equipment provider to buy shares of its stock through open market purchases. The institutional investor bought 18,401 shares of the network equipment provider's stock, valued at approximately $705,000.
    Chrissy Teigen Gives Birth to Second Child With John Legend

    Chrissy Teigen Gives Birth to Second Child With John Legend

    Months later, Teigen confirmed that she was pregnant with a baby boy , which wasn't a surprise to fans of the couple. Congrats, Chrissy and John! "It feels worse for me because with IVF you know *so* early", she shared.
  • Tesla confirms Utah driver engaged autopilot functions before slamming into firetruck

    Tesla confirms Utah driver engaged autopilot functions before slamming into firetruck

    Furthermore, it's now the fourth investigation into a crash involving a Tesla vehicle in just 2 months, which might be a record. Also in March, an Arizona pedestrian was killed by a self-driving Uber auto with a backup driver behind the wheel.
    Sporting Libson players attacked during training, Bas Dost hurt

    Sporting Libson players attacked during training, Bas Dost hurt

    Sporting Lisbon missed out on Champions League football under agonising circumstances on the last day of the Primeira Liga season. Dutch forward Bas Dost , who has scored 34 goals for the club this season, reportedly suffered cuts to his head in the attack.
    Google announces YouTube Music and YouTube Premium

    Google announces YouTube Music and YouTube Premium

    Those numbers, however, have dipped thanks to controversies surrounding the very stars that YouTube has tried to grow. This homescreen is updated throughout the day for better discovery based on location and prior listening history.
  • Airtel to offer post FUP speed of 128Kbps on Unlimited Prepaid Packs

    Airtel to offer post FUP speed of 128Kbps on Unlimited Prepaid Packs

    The prepaid packs start from Rs 199 . the new update brings 128kbps of speed after the FUP (Fair Usage Policy) get exhausted. Other benefits of the Rs 198 pack include free local, STD and roaming voice calls and 100 SMS per day.
    Venezuela Launches Commission to Investigate Prison Riot

    Venezuela Launches Commission to Investigate Prison Riot

    Venezuela's Information Ministry did not respond to a request for comment. So they've taken the entire prison where I'm at". They are saying that they want to kill me.
    See the Xbox Adaptive Controller in Action

    See the Xbox Adaptive Controller in Action

    Called the Xbox Adaptive Controller , the new $99.99 device is unlike the regular Xbox One remotes designed for two-handed use. Disabled gamers sadly can not play video games sometimes since some of them aren't able to use their hands properly.
  • Britain slashes top stake on gambling machines to 2 pounds

    Britain slashes top stake on gambling machines to 2 pounds

    Bookmaker William Hill said it will see a reduction in total gaming net revenue of 35%-45% following the move. Changes to the stake will need to be brought through leglislation and will need to be approved by parliament.
    RCB needs a win today against table-toppers Sunrisers

    RCB needs a win today against table-toppers Sunrisers

    We know the scenario and the only way we can give ourselves that opportunity is having the desperation. It was a comical scene: Ashwin tapped the ball towards the covers and started running.
    Ride of Silence pays tribute, spreads awareness

    Ride of Silence pays tribute, spreads awareness

    The Ride of Silence is an global event that aims to honor bicyclists who have been killed or injured on the roadways. Ride of Silence is a national event and bike shops across the US conduct rides at the same time.


Most liked

U.S. sanctions Hezbollah chief in joint action with Gulf allies
The Gulf states targeted four of the movement's committees and ordered individuals' assets and bank accounts frozen. In addition, the sanctions reject the "false distinction" between the group's political and military wings.

Council Takes First Step to Enforcing Net Neutrality in San Antonio
Collins announced her support in January, but Kennedy and Murkowski had been undecided. The Senate has taken action to protect net neutrality rules set to end next month.

YouTube Announces Expanded Music Credits on Videos
Björn Ulvaeus of Abba noted, "The songwriter is every bit as important as the artist and deserves recognition". Plus, credits will be accessible for all future videos with music.

Buffon calls time on stellar Juve career
I'm having continual discussion with Andrea, who knows what is happening around me and is an advisor I don't want to lose. He won Serie A nine times and the Coppa Italia five times, while he also lifted the UEFA Cup with Parma in 1999.

Veteran Tim Cahill leads Australia's provisional squad
And the announcement came as Cahill was unveiled as the face of the Socceroos' key sponsor Caltex's new advertising campaign. But FFA chief executive David Gallop rejected the assertion, telling broadcaster SBS, "Absolutely not".

Pink Totally Destroys Troll Who Called Her 'Old'
The mom-of-two has since received praise from fans and fellow celebs for setting the troll straight. "Cant wait to see you once you're 80", a consumer wrote .

Starbucks to Open 2700 More Stores in China Within 5 Years
The chain also bringing a new line of pre-made cold tea as well as coffee to China next month. Brands Inc in 2016, said it had 8,112 stores including KFC and Pizza Hut at the end of March.

NES and SNES Classic Editions to return
Nintendo has just announced that they are bringing back the throwback console to store shelves starting June 29. In its tweet, Nintendo said the NES Classic and SNES Classic Edition will be available through the end of 2018.

Amanda Nunes thinks coaches failed Raquel Pennington at UFC 224
So when she said she wanted out, there was an overwhelming sense that her coaches were in the wrong to tell her otherwise. Pennington told Helwani she knew something was wrong with her leg as soon as Nunes" landed the very first kick.

SC Collegium defers decision on Justice Joseph's elevation again
It would now wait for the other list to come up and is expected to recommend Justice Joseph's name too. Justice Malhotra is already functioning as a Supreme Court judge .

McGregor eyes more glory after rejoining Rangers on two-year contract
Now, the Liverpool legend is turning his attention to the defence and is keen on bringing the 21-year-old centre back to Ibrox. Gerrard said of McGregor: 'He is a vastly experienced goalkeeper who we feel can add to the options available to us now .

Manchester United Hold Initial Talks With Chelsea Winger's Agents
When it came to the cup game we thought we'd just deliver what we'd done all season but it didn't happen that way. Forget about that couple getting married because Saturday afternoon is for the FA Cup final .

Watch out for the kids: George, Charlotte in royal wedding
He also said that Meghan had no ill feelings towards him for staging pictures in a deal with paparazzi. She said the media had "raked him over the coals" and "distorted his image".

Ray Wilson, who won World Cup with England, dies at 83
Huddersfield posted a touching tribute to their late, great player on Wednesday afternoon. After soccer, he worked for his father-in-law's undertaker business.

US treasury secretary to lead trade talks with China
Meanwhile, Mr Trump earlier on Wednesday denied caving in to China over United States sanctions on the telecoms equipment maker ZTE.