Virginia Apgar, Honored by Today's Google Doodle, Saved Countless Lives

Google doodle celebrates Dr Virginia Apgar the doctor behind unique newborn score

It wasn't until she invented the Apgar score that she began to earn the recognition that she deserved, but she didn't stop there.

Google on Thursday created a doodle to honour Dr Virginia Apgar.

Google is celebrating the 109th birthday of Dr Virginia Apgar, an American obstetrical (relating to childbirth) anesthetist. She was born on June 7, 1909. The test is carried out within five minutes of birth and it takes about a minute to judge if the infant needs any immediate medical attention. Apgar is is an acronym for Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, and Respiratory effort.

NTSB: Tesla driver did not have hands on wheel before fatal crash
Investigators blame a mistake made by Tesla's Autopilot system for a mistake that killed Wei "Walter" Huang in a Tesla auto crash. Huang was still belted into the driver's seat but bystanders rescued him from the vehicle before it was consumed by flames.

The Apgar score is as follows: "Each newborn is given a score of 0, 1, or 2 (a score of 2 meaning the newborn is in optimal condition, 0 being in distress) in each of the following categories: heart rate, respiration, colour, muscle tone, and reflex irritability". The scores help doctors identify whether a baby has health issues requiring extra care. She was raised in Westfield, New Jersey in the United States.

Google's Doodle today honors a Mount Holyoke College graduate - Dr. Virginia Apgar. Score above 7 are normal and 4 to 6 are fairly low.

Apart from developing her famous scoring exercise, Dr. Apgar was a notable advocate for universal vaccination in order to combat the rubella epidemic of the mid-Sixties. An anesthesiologist by training, she climbed the ranks at New York's Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in the 1930s and '40s, when anesthesiology wasn't recognized as a medical specialty. She noticed that the number of infant deaths within the first 24 hours remained high, despite the fact that overall the US infant mortality rate was decreasing. She went on to research birth defects and over the course of her career wrote scientific articles, essays, a book and more. She received a master's degree in public health from Johns Hopkins University in 1959, and was a director at the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, which is know known as the March of Dimes.

Xbox One X prices SLASHED: Microsoft discounts revealed ahead of E3 2018
To learn everything Microsoft is offering before E3, you can check out the official listing over here at Xbox Wire . Microsoft says that more than 300 games will be on sale, with some titles starting as low as $19.99.

But she could barely spend two years into her surgery residency as the then Chair of Surgery at the institution persuaded her to switch to anesthesia, an uncalled-for move that Columbia University termed "a reflection of the times".

Apgar never married, and died of cirrhosis of the liver at the age of 65.

Ryan Says There's 'No Evidence' The FBI Informant Spied On Trump's Campaign
Ryan also warned President Trump not to pardon himself , as a debate rages on over the president's constitutional powers. Even after Gowdy said there's nothing to Trump's allegations, the White House has sought to keep the waters muddy.

Related News:

  • Fan catches foul ball in beer cup -- then chugs it

    Fan catches foul ball in beer cup -- then chugs it

    But Gabby DiMarco got a little more than she bargained for when a foul ball off the bat of Ender Inciarte plopped in her beer. With thousands of eyes fixated on her, she chugged her beer as if she was taking part in a game of beer pong.
    Brock Turner Judge Aaron Persky Removed From Job After Recall Vote

    Brock Turner Judge Aaron Persky Removed From Job After Recall Vote

    With nearly all precincts reporting on Wednesday, close to 60 percent of voters cast a ballot to disrobe Judge Aaron Persky . Two women are running on the ballot to succeed Persky: civil lawyer Angela Storey and prosecutor Cindy Hendrickson .
    Daniels sues former attorney, accuses him of working with Trump

    Daniels sues former attorney, accuses him of working with Trump

    She is fighting to invalidate a nondisclosure agreement she signed days before the 2016 election. But Giuliani has since weighed in on other topics, including the alleged Clifford affair.
  • Iconic Fashion Designer, Kate Spade Found Dead In Her Apartment

    Iconic Fashion Designer, Kate Spade Found Dead In Her Apartment

    Kate and Andy were married in 1994, a year after they founded the Kate Spade New York line of handbags designed by Kate. Andy said that the two lived near each other, spoke or saw each other daily, and continued to take vacations together.
    Liverpool Reach Agreement With Lyon For Nabil Fekir

    Liverpool Reach Agreement With Lyon For Nabil Fekir

    But Aulas has revealed that the transfer is not close and is unlikely to happen before the start of the World Cup next Thursday. The French club's president Jean-Michel Aulas had hoped a bidding war would ensue for Fekir.
    Facebook alerts 14M to privacy bug that changed status composer to public

    Facebook alerts 14M to privacy bug that changed status composer to public

    That way, users can reset a post that was inadvertently set to public back to being shared just with friends if they would like. The mistake happened, that company said, when it was building a new way for people to share "featured items" on their profiles.
  • NASA Finds Concentrated Batch Of Organic Molecules On Mars

    She said the discoveries break down some of the strongest arguments put forward by life-on-Mars skeptics, herself included. The molecules could be the remnants of past organisms, the result of chemical reactions with rocks or simply space debris.
    Here’s How Aamir Khan Expressed His Happiness For Kaala & Superstar Rajinikanth

    Here’s How Aamir Khan Expressed His Happiness For Kaala & Superstar Rajinikanth

    As Rajinikanth's much-anticipated film Kaala hits the screens, the film has received an overwhelming response from the screens. A trade analyst has been quoted in reports admitting that Rajini's last few films haven't done too well.
    China's TCL launches high-end BlackBerry smartphone in U.S.

    China's TCL launches high-end BlackBerry smartphone in U.S.

    The new BlackBerry KEY2 will be made available as pre-order in select markets throughout the world starting from this month. As well as in the United States , it'll ship globally, priced from €649 Euro , £579 GBP, and $829 CAD.
  • Democrats Breathe Sigh Of Relief After Tuesday's Primaries

    Democrats Breathe Sigh Of Relief After Tuesday's Primaries

    There were so many Democrats running that, they feared , Republicans could finish 1-2 in the primary and nail down wins. Likely voters most often name the economy, immigration, and housing costs as their top issues in the May PPIC survey .
    Ex-CEO: Cambridge Analytica got ‘huge target’ with Trump win

    Ex-CEO: Cambridge Analytica got ‘huge target’ with Trump win

    Facebook, in its response, had said that the data of over 5.6 lakh users in India may have been accessed without their consent. He insisted in fact he had paid millions from his own pocket to cover staff salaries, bonuses and redundancies.
    Capitals clip Golden Knights to capture their first Stanley Cup

    Capitals clip Golden Knights to capture their first Stanley Cup

    He provided many timely plays en route to the team's first ever Stanley Cup, including two of the biggest goals of his career. The Golden Knights tied it at 9:40 when Schmidt's shot deflected in off Capitals defenseman Matt Niskanen's right skate.

Most liked

Ethical polluting agent: The toxic embarassment of Scott Pruitt
Public officials are prohibited from receiving unpaid services from employees or for using their office for private gain. A senior aide wrapped up in the ethics investigations of Pruitt has abruptly resigned .

Kenya says plane on domestic flight missing, search halted until dawn
The plane had made trips to Homa Bay and Maasai Mara on Tuesday and was up to date in terms of service. The captain of the ill-fated Cessna C208 FlySAX was one bubbly Barbra Wangeci Kamau .

Reese Witherspoon Confirms "Legally Blonde 3" Is Happening
She originated the role in the 2001 comedy and reprised it for 2003'sLegally Blonde 2: Red, White & Blonde. Witherspoon took to Instagram to post a video that nods to a scene from the Legally Blonde franchise.

Kevin Durant Sinks Cavs in Game 3 with Déjà Vu 3-Pointer
On a night when Curry and Klay Thompson combined to shoot 7-of-27, Durant kept the Warriors in the game. James was fantastic, again: 33 points, 10 rebounds and 11 assists.

Beyoncé's mother Tina Knowles shares real photo of twins Rumi and Sir
Beyonce first introduced the twins to the world when she posted a birth announcement photo in July 2017. The never-before-seen video was followed by a message reading " This is real love " flashing on screen.

Mars Curiosity Rover Found Ancient Organic Material and 'Mysterious' Methane, NASA Announces
The facility is hosting 10 university teams Thursday for an exercise on extracting water from simulated Martian subsurface ice. For the first time, scientists say they have clear evidence that the chemical building blocks of life exist on Mars.

Caps on top: Washington wins Stanley Cup, beats Vegas 4-3
After decades of heartbreak, the Washington Capitals have finally reached the top. It was the first championship for a professional DC-based team in 26 years.

New Facebook privacy furore: What's at stake?
Archibong also said that these cases were "very different" from the use of data by third party developers in the Cambridge row. Facebook denied that its data-sharing agreements have led to misuse or abuse of user data.

Trump talks tough on trade ahead of G-7 meetings in Canada
At the same time, the president also praised Trump's decision to hold a meeting with the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. Now that they've gotten everyone's attention, it would be good if the Trump administration's next move is constructive.

33-year-old sister of Dutch queen dies in Argentina
Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant reported that Queen Maxima was shocked and devastated by the news of her sister's death. Queen Maxima also has two brothers, Martin and Juan, as well as three half-sisters from her father's first marriage.

Many breast cancer patients can safely skip chemotherapy
The benefits were seen in some breast and bowel cancer patients, with the supplement thought to reduce inflammation. In addition, these early tumors must be sized at five centimeters or less and not invasive to the lymph nodes.

Amazon's Fire TV Cube turns Alexa into your remote
No more scrounging around for a remote-Alexa can find and access anything on any of your connected devices, even cable channels. The big picture: Amazon's long-rumored Fire TV Cube marries two established product lines into a cube-shaped form factor.

Muguruza obliterates Sharapova, into French Open SF
She went on to commit only 16 errors over the course of the next two, which was the difference in getting the win. A nervous start from the Spaniard was immediately pounced upon by Halep for a break in the opening game.

Tim Cahill off to Russian Federation as Australia squad finalised
The Hibernian striker was a part of Bert van Marwijk's 32-man squad , but wasn't named as part of a lead-up training camp. The 38-year-old, who will be playing in his fourth World Cup , is joined by Millwall teammate James Meredith .

Val Kilmer returns for 'Top Gun: Maverick'
The sequel, which is being produced by leading man Cruise and Jerry Bruckheimer , is expected to reach movie theatres next summer. While everyone is looking back and feeling nostalgic, there was even more big news for the Top Gun sequel on Wednesday.