Meghalayan Age: Latest Era in Earth’s History Named After Indian State

We now live in what is called the Holocene Epoch, which reflects everything that has happened over the past 11,700 years - since a dramatic warming kicked us out of the last ice age.

All three ages comprise the "Holocene Epoch", which began at the end of the last Ice Age and have been characterized by a wealth of sediment found on the sea floor and of the mineral calcite found in caves.

We are now in the Holocene Epoch, which reflects all that have happened over the last 11,700 years, since after the last ice age.

Geologists divide the planet's 4.54-billion-year history into a series of smaller subdivisions, Laura Geggel writes forLive Science. The Meghalayan's lower level is determined in a single stalagmite from a cave in northeast India, and is thus named for the state where it is found.

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In a matter of pride for every northeasterners, we are actually dwellers of the Meghalayan Age - the newest chapter in Earth's history since the last 4,200 years. "They were subsequently approved by the International Subcommission of Quaternary Stratigraphy and the International Commission on Stratigraphy before being forwarded to IUGS for ratification". Both of these ages are named after specific ice cores found in Greenland.

The Late Holocene Meghalayan Age was ratified as the most recent unit of the Geologic Time Scale after many years of research.

After the end of last Ice Age.

The Northgrippian Age was brought about by the melting of Canada glaciers during the Greenlandian warming period, which released massive volumes of freshwater into the North Atlantic, disrupting ocean currents and cooling the climate. Analysis of stalagmite growing on the ground of Mawmluh Cave revealed that each of the stalagmite layers had different levels of oxygen isotopes.

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"In these stalagmites there is a very highly detailed record of climate change, which is shown by the geochemistry of the precipitated material - the carbonate formed by the dripping of water in the cave", ICS secretary general Philip Gibbard said in a statement. The Meghalayan, the youngest stage, runs from 4,200 years ago to 1950. Unfortunately, the first 200 years of this current age were marked by a devastating drought, which rocked established human civilizations in Egypt, Greece, Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley and the Yangtze River Valley. The proposals were developed by a dedicated, worldwide team of Holocene scientists led by Mike Walker of the University of Wales.

"After the original paper and going through various committees, they've suddenly announced [the Meghalayan] and stuck it on the diagram", Mark Maslin, a professor of geography at University College London, UK, told the publication.

After an initial guffaw, the IUGS finally managed to share an accurate image of the newly named ages in the popular microblogging platform, Twitter.

The new updates help understanding more about Earth's full geological history.

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